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Stroke. 1997 Jan;28(1):101-9.

A computational model of acute focal cortical lesions.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Determining how cerebral cortex adapts to sudden focal damage is important for gaining a better understanding of stroke. In this study we used a computational model to examine the hypothesis that cortical map reorganization after a simulated infarct is critically dependent on perilesion excitability and to identify factors that influence the extent of poststroke reorganization.

METHODS:

A previously reported artificial neural network model of primary sensorimotor cortex, controlling a simulated arm, was subjected to acute focal damage. The perilesion excitability and cortical map reorganization were measured over time and compared.

RESULTS:

Simulated lesions to cortical regions with increased perilesion excitability were associated with a remapping of the lesioned area into the immediate perilesion cortex, where responsiveness increased with time. In contrast, when lesions caused a perilesion zone of decreased activity to appear, this zone enlarged and intensified with time, with loss of the perilesion map. Increasing the assumed extent of intracortical connections produced a wider perilesion zone of inactivity. These effects were independent of lesion size.

CONCLUSIONS:

These simulation results suggest that functional cortical reorganization after an ischemic stroke is a two-phase process in which perilesion excitability plays a critical role.

PMID:
8996497
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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