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Gene. 1996 Dec 12;183(1-2):231-6.

Production of a novel polyketide through the construction of a hybrid polyketide synthase.

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Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.


The lactone rings of the polyketides platenolide and tylactone are synthesized by condensation of acetate-, proprionate-, and butyrate-derived precursors. A hybrid tylactone/platenolide synthase was constructed to determine if the choice of substrate is programmed by the polyketide synthase and to ascertain if a substrate different than that normally used in the first step of platenolide synthesis could be incorporated into the final polyketide. In this work, we report the successful incorporation of a propionate in place of the acetate normally used in the first step of platenolide synthesis. This result demonstrates that polyketide synthases choose a particular substrate at defined steps and provides strong evidence that substrate choice is programmed by the acyl transferase domain of a large, multifunctional polyketide synthase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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