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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 1996 Jul;26(7):697-703.

Inducibility of the Drosophila melanogaster cytochrome P450 gene, CYP6A2, by phenobarbital in insecticide susceptible or resistant strains.

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Laboratoire de Biologie des Invertébrés, Institut National de la Recherche, Antibes, France.


The importance of cytochrome P450s in the biology of cells or organisms is clearly established. While numerous studies concern vertebrates, little is known about invertebrates cytochrome P450s. In this paper, we have focused on CYP6A2 gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster. We show the expression of this cytochrome P450 gene in the Canton(s) strain (wild type) to be under the control of phenobarbital. In adults treated with phenobarbital, this gene is transcribed in the midgut, the pericuticular fat bodies and the Malpighian tubules. The induction factor is 15. In the RDDTR strain of Drosophila melanogaster, which is resistant to the insecticide DDT, this gene is constitutively overexpressed in the same tissues (overexpression factor is 6 relative to untreated Canton(s) flies). Phenobarbital is not as effective on RDDTR (induction factor is 2.5 relative to untreated RDDTR flies) as on wild type strains.

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