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Psychopathology. 1996 Nov-Dec;29(6):347-56.

The multiaxial system of ICD-10: evaluation of a preliminary draft in a multicentric field trial.

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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medizinische Universit├Ąt zu L├╝beck, Germany.


The multiaxial system (MAS) of ICD-10, chapter V (F) consists of three axes: axis I, clinical syndromes (psychiatric disorders including personality disorders and somatic diseases); axis II, disabilities; axis III, environmental/circumstantial and personal life-style/life management factors. Results of a multicentric field trial evaluating a preliminary draft of the MAS are presented. 45 raters in seven German centers made 488 ratings on 12 written case histories. With a mean kappa of 0.50 for 3-character diagnoses interrater reliability for axis I was moderate although lower than expected from previous field trials. On axis II the WHO Disability Diagnostic Scale (WHO-DDS) was compared to the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) used in DSM-III-R and DSM-IV. For both scales the intraclass correlation coefficient showed a moderate interrater reliability (WHO-DDS = 0.62; GAF = 0.65). On axis III the number of relevant psychosocial circumstances coded by the different raters varied greatly. Interrater reliability was very poor with kappa values ranging from 0.03 to 0.55 for the different categories and an overall kappa of 0.16.

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