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J Rheumatol. 1995 Oct;22(10):1816-9.

Induction of TNF-alpha and proinflammatory secretory phospholipase A2 by intravenous administration of CAMPATH-1H in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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Inflammation Research Group and Rheumatic Disease Unit, Wellesley Hospital, University of Toronto, Canada.



To test the effect of infusions of CAMPATH-1H on levels of proinflammatory secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).


Two patients with RA were infused with CAMPATH-1H; extracellular nonpancreatic sPLA2 activity was tested using radiolabelled E. coli membrane phospholipid, and circulating TNF-alpha levels were tested by ultrasensitive immunoassay.


Circulating TNF-alpha began to rise within the first 2 h after infusion, reaching > 1000-fold values compared to preinfusion levels. Circulating sPLA2 activity began to rise a few hours after the start of infusion and reached extremely high values in 12 h, concomitant with fever and hypotension. The activity of sPLA2 decreased to pretreatment values in 3-18 days after infusion.


The mechanism leading to the increase of TNF-alpha and hyperphospholipasemia A2 has not been elucidated. It is possible that CAMPATH-1H activates cells that synthesize and release TNF-alpha and sPLA2, and/or that it induces interleukin 2 release, which in turn activates TNF-alpha, with subsequent release of sPLA2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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