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Methods. 1997 Jan;11(1):133-42.

Production and roles of IL-6, IL-10, and IL-13 in B-lymphocyte malignancies and in B-lymphocyte hyperactivity of HIV infection and autoimmunity.

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1
INSERM U131, Institut Paris-Sud sur les Cytokines, Clamart, France.

Abstract

We analyzed the production and the roles of IL-6, IL-10, and IL-13 in B-lymphoid malignancies and in specific diseases with B-lymphocyte hyperactivity. Both IL-13 and IL-10 genes are expressed in B-cell lymphomas. However, their contribution to tumor progression is unclear. In certain lymphoproliferative disorders that develop in transplanted patients, IL-6 is produced by malignant cells and is a major factor of their proliferation. In other lymphomas, the IL-6 gene is expressed only in malignancies where differentiated malignant cells are present. In these lymphomas, IL-6 is produced by stromal cells, and the malignant cells express the IL-6 receptor. In patients with HIV infection, the level of production of IL-6, IL-10, and IL-13 is not higher than those of other conditions with immune activation. However, IL-6 contributes to increased production of IgG and IgA in vivo. In Castleman's disease, IL-6 is produced in the lymph node germinal centers, partly originating from follicular dendritic cells, which may explain some of the pathogenesis of this disease. In systemic lupus erythematosus, the critical cytokine is IL-10, which is produced in large amounts by B lymphocytes and monocytes and is responsible for autoantibody production. Taken together, these data emphasize the roles of IL-6 and IL-10, usually produced by nonlymphoid cells, on B lymphocytes, either malignant or hyperactivated.

PMID:
8990099
DOI:
10.1006/meth.1996.0397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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