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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 Jan 1;13(1):63-9.

Multifactorial nature of noncytolytic CD8+ T cell-mediated suppression of HIV replication: beta-chemokine-dependent and -independent effects.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Chemokines were originally characterized by their ability to direct migration and induce activation of selected leukocyte populations. The beta-chemokines MIP-1 alpha, MIP-beta, and RANTES have been implicated in the suppression of viral replication by CD8+ T cells from HIV-infected individuals. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of beta-chemokines on HIV replication in cocultures of dendritic cells (DCs) and CD4+ T cells, and an in vitro model of the lymphoid microenvironment. In the acute infection system, where DCs from uninfected individuals are pulsed with HIV and cocultured with autologous CD4+ T cells, no inhibition of replication of monocytotropic or T cell tropic viral isolates by MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, and RANTES, alone or in combination, was observed. In contrast, in an endogenous infection system, where the DCs and CD4+ T cells were obtained from HIV-infected subjects, addition of recombinant beta-chemokines suppressed HIV replication. However, neutralizing antibodies to beta-chemokines did not affect the suppressive activity of CD8+ T cells from HIV-infected donors in either system, suggesting that CD8+ T cell-mediated suppression is not due exclusively to beta-chemokines. Furthermore, no significant differences in secretion of MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, and RANTES by purified CD8+ T cells were noted in uninfected versus HIV-infected donors, regardless of the stage of disease. These results indicate that HIV suppression by CD8+ T cells derived from HIV-infected donors is a multifactorial phenomenon and not limited to the action of MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, and RANTES.

PMID:
8989428
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1997.13.63
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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