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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1997 Jan 1;13(1):29-32.

Safety and immunogenicity of UBI HIV-1MN octameric V3 peptide vaccine administered by subcutaneous injection.

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Centre for Immunology, St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Twenty-four HIV-seronegative men, at high risk of HIV infection, were recruited into a phase I/II safety and immunogenicity trial of a prototype HIV vaccine. The immunogen was a synthetic, monovalent, octameric HIV-1MN V3 peptide in an aluminum hydroxide (alum) adjuvant. The vaccine had been evaluated previously using a standard 0-, 1-, 6-month intramuscular schedule and was found to stimulate neutralizing antibody in 60-90% of volunteers. Participants were randomized to receive either 500 micrograms (n = 10; high dose) or 100 micrograms (n = 10; low dose) of immunogen or placebo (alum alone; n = 4) at 0, 1, and 6 months by subcutaneous injection. Responses to the immunogen were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-detectable antibody and by proliferative responses. Safety was monitored by both clinical assessment and regular review with a clinical psychologist. No serious adverse experiences were observed following administration of the assigned medication. One individual (placebo) seroconverted while on study, following exposure to HIV. After the vaccination course only four individuals (three high dose and one low dose) had ELISA-detectable antibody against the immunogen. In the evaluable samples, from 19 volunteers, only 7 vaccine recipients (3 high dose and 4 low dose) had demonstrable lymphoproliferative responses to preparations of the immunogen. Subcutaneous administration of its candidate vaccine was safe but did not result in uniform or robust immunological responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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