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FEMS Microbiol Rev. 1996 Dec;19(2):69-84.

Genetic manipulations of microorganisms for the degradation of hexachlorocyclohexane.

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Department of Zoology, University of Delhi, India.


Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) is an organochlorine insecticide which has been banned in technologically advanced countries. However, it is still in use in tropical countries for mosquito control and thus new areas continue to be contaminated. Anaerobic degradation of HCH isomers have been well documented but until recently there have been only a few reports on aerobic microbial degradation of HCH isomers. The isolation of these microbes made it possible to design experiments for the cloning of the catabolic genes responsible for degradation. We review the microbial degradation of HCH isomers coupled with the genetic manipulations of the catabolic genes. The first part discusses the persistence of residues in the environment and microbial degradation while the second part gives an account of the genetic manipulations of catabolic genes involved in the degradation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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