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J Affect Disord. 1995 Dec 24;36(1-2):21-7.

Clonazepam in acute mania: time-blind evaluation of clinical response and concentrations in plasma.

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Unité de Psychopharmacologie, CHU Hôpital de La Colombière, Montpellier, France.


This study was performed to evaluate the optimal doses and clinical efficacy of clonazepam as a first-line drug in acute mania, as well as to determine its effective plasma concentrations. Clonazepam was administered orally to 11 newly admitted inpatients. On day 0, the loading dose was titrated upward according to the clinical global impression; the maintenance dose was calculated with intent to maintain the plasma level that had been achieved after initial dose escalation. Clinically based dose adjustments were allowed on days 4 and 7. Manic symptoms were scored on days 0, 4 and 14 according to a time-blind procedure; clonazepam plasma levels were measured by HPLC. On day 14, there was a significant decrease in manic symptoms and 66.7% of the patients who completed the trial were markedly improved. Steady-state plasma levels of clonazepam were significantly correlated with daily doses (rs = 0.795, P < 0.005) and therapeutic concentrations ranged between 6.5-83.9 micrograms/l. At the onset of therapy, the clinically titrated loading dose resulted in plasma concentrations within the narrow range of 18.9-34.0 micrograms/l. These results support the potential value of clonazepam in the short-term management of acute mania; the initial control of agitation was achieved with plasma drug levels in a remarkably narrow range as compared with the further control of mania.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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