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Biochemistry. 1996 Dec 24;35(51):16544-9.

Profilin and gelsolin stimulate phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity.

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NYS Institute For Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island, New York 10314, USA.


Actin-binding proteins such as profilin and gelsolin bind to phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4,5-bisphosphate (PI 4,5-P2) and regulate the concentration of monomeric actin. We report here that profilin and gelsolin stimulate PI 3-kinase-mediated phosphorylation of PI 4,5-P2 (lipid kinase activity) in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect is specific to profilin and gelsolin because other cytoskeletal proteins such as tau or actin do not affect PI 3-kinase activity. In addition to lipid kinase activity, PI 3-kinase also has protein kinase activity: it phosphorylates proteins (p85 subunit of PI 3-kinase). However, the protein kinase activity of PI 3-kinase was not affected in the presence of profilin. Kinetic analysis, as a function of varying concentrations of ATP and PI 4,5-P2, showed that profilin affects the Vmax of PI 3-kinase without affecting k(m). Profilin may also affect PI 3-kinase activity by its direct association to the enzyme because dot-blot analysis using antibody to glutathione S-transferase (GST) suggested that GST-85 kDa, a fusion protein of PI 3-kinase, binds to profilin. However, PI 3-kinase did not affect the actin-sequestering ability of profilin (determined by pyrene-labeled actin), which indicates that actin and p85 do not share a common binding site on profilin. These studies suggest that profilin and gelsolin may control the generation of 3-OH phosphorylated phosphoinositides, which in turn may regulate the actin polymerization.

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