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Planta. 1996;200(1):13-9.

Immunocytochemical localization of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase in tissues of Populus kitakamiensis.

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Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan.


The polypeptide encoded by the partial fragment of cDNA of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL; EC, PALcDNA1 (Osakabe et al., 1995, Plant Sci. 105: 217-226), isolated from Populus kitakamiensis (P. sieboldii x P. grandidentata), was expressed in Escherichia coli cells. The polypeptide was purified and an antiserum raised against it. The antiserum recognized a protein of 77 kDa on nitrocellulose blots after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of total protein and the partially purified PAL protein from P. kitakamiensis. Moreover, the antiserum recognized a protein on the blot after non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of P. kitakamiensis proteins and this protein had PAL activity. Furthermore, the antibody inhibited PAL activity of extracts from stem tissues. These results showed that the antiserum against the partial PAL peptide recognized only the PAL subunits in extracts of P. kitakamiensis. Immunolocalization studies of P. kitakamiensis tissues revealed that the PAL protein was specifically localized in the xylem and the phloem fibers and no immunogold signal was found in the epidermis, the cortex, the pith, or the cambium of either stems or leaves.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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