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Steroids. 1996 Dec;61(12):678-81.

The distribution of estrogen receptor-beta mRNA in the rat hypothalamus.

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Women's Health Research Institute, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Radnor, PA 19087, USA.


The recent cloning of a second form of the estrogen receptor (ER-beta) has made it possible to map the distribution of ER-beta mRNA-containing perikarya in the rat hypothalamus. The present in situ hybridization histochemical studies have detected ER-beta mRNA in the medial preoptic area; the anterior periventricular, paraventricular, supraoptic, arcuate, medial tuberal and medial mammillary nuclei; the bed nucleus of the stria terminals, and zona incerta. As previously described for the classical ER (ER-alpha) mRNA, a dense accumulation of ER-beta mRNA-expressing perikarya is present in the medial preoptic area and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. In contrast, ER-beta mRNA was also concentrated in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, brain regions which contain little or no ER-alpha mRNA. Moreover, the arcuate and ventromedial nuclei, areas with abundant ER-alpha. contain only a weak level of ER-beta hybridization signal. The description of ER-beta mRNA-containing perikarya in the rat hypothalamus provides a foundation for further morphological and physiological studies aimed at elucidating the role of ER-beta in the hypothalamus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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