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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Dec 24;93(26):15481-4.

Sequence-specific antitumor activity of a phosphorothioate oligodeoxyribonucleotide targeted to human C-raf kinase supports an antisense mechanism of action in vivo.

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Isis Pharmaceuticals, Carlsbad, CA 92008, USA.


To determine the mechanism of action responsible for the in vivo antitumor activity of a phosphorothioate antisense inhibitor targeted against human C-raf kinase (ISIS 5132, also known as CGP69846A), a series of mismatched phosphorothioate analogs of ISIS 5132 or CGP69846A were synthesized and characterized with respect to hybridization affinity, inhibitory effects on C-raf gene expression in vitro, and antitumor activity in vivo. Incorporation of a single mismatch into the sequence of ISIS 5132 or CGP69846A resulted in reduced hybridization affinity toward C-raf RNA sequences and reduced inhibitory activity against C-raf expression in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, incorporation of additional mismatches resulted in further loss of in vitro and in vivo activity in a manner that correlated well with a hybridization-based (i.e., antisense) mechanism of action. These results provide important experimental evidence supporting an antisense mechanism of action underlying the in vivo antitumor activity displayed by ISIS 5132 or CGP69846A.

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