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J Mol Biol. 1996 Dec 13;264(4):675-95.

Variable structures of Fis-DNA complexes determined by flanking DNA-protein contacts.

Author information

1
Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.

Abstract

The Fis protein from Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium regulates many diverse reactions including recombination, transcription, and replication and is one of the most abundant DNA binding proteins present in the cell under certain physiological conditions. As a specific regulator, Fis binds to discrete sites that are poorly related in primary sequence. Analysis of DNA scission by a collection of Fis conjugates to 1,10-phenanthroline-copper combined with comparative gel electrophoresis has shown that the structures of Fis-DNA complexes are highly variable, displaying overall DNA curvatures that range from < or = 50 degrees to > or = 90 degrees. This variability is primarily determined by differential wrapping of flanking DNA around Fis. By contrast, DNA bending within the core recognition regions appears similar among the binding sites that were analyzed. Flanking DNA contacts by Fis depend on the nucleotide sequence and are mediated by an electrostatic interaction with arginine 71 and a hydrogen bond with asparagine 73, both of which are located outside of the helix-turn-helix DNA binding motif. These contacts strongly influence the kinetics of binding. These data, combined with the crystal structure of Fis, have enabled us to generate new models for Fis-DNA complexes that emphasize the variability in DNA structures within the flanking regions.

PMID:
8980678
DOI:
10.1006/jmbi.1996.0669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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