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Prog Brain Res. 1996;112:251-76.

Areas PMLS and 21a of cat visual cortex are not only functionally but also hodologically distinct.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Histology, University of Sydney, N.S.W. Australia. bogdand@anatomy.su.oz.au

Abstract

In several cats, paired visuotopically matched injections of retrogradely transported fluorescent dyes, diamidino yellow (DY) and fast blue (FB), were made into two visuotopically organized, functionally distinct extrastriate cortical areas, the posteromedial lateral suprasylvian area (PMLS area) and area 21a respectively. After an appropriate survival time, the numbers of thalamic, claustral and cortical cells which were single-labelled with each dye as well as the numbers of cells in these structures labelled with both dyes (double-labelled cells) were assessed. The clear majorities of thalamic cells projecting to PMLS area (DY labelled cells) and to area 21a (FB labelled cells) were located in the ipsilateral lateral posterior-pulvinar complex with smaller proportions located in the laminae C and the medial intralaminar nucleus of the ipsilateral dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus and several nuclei of the rostral intralaminar thalamic group. Despite the fact that DY labelled (PMLS-projecting) and FB labelled (area 21 a-projecting) cells in all thalamic nuclei were well intermingled, only 1-5% of retrogradely labelled thalamic cells projected to both areas (cells double-labelled with both dyes). Small proportions of retrogradely labelled cells were located in the ipsilateral and to a lesser extent the contralateral dorsocaudal claustra. The proportions of claustral neurons retrogradely labelled with both dyes varied from 4 to 9%. Over half of the cortical neurons labelled retrogradely from area 21a or PMLS area were located in the supragranular layers of the ipsilateral area 17, with smaller proportions located in the supragranular layers of the ipsilateral areas 18 and 19 and even smaller proportions located in mainly but not exclusively, the infragranular layers of the ipsilateral areas 21b and 20a. Again despite strong spatial intermingling of neurons labelled with DY and these labelled with FB, the proportions of associational cortical neurons double-labelled with both dyes were small (2 to 5.5%). Finally, small proportions of neurons retrogradely labelled with DY or FB were located, mainly but not exclusively, in the supragranular layers of the contralateral areas 17, 18, 19 and 21a. Again, the proportions of the double-labelled neurons in the contralateral cortices were small (1-4.5%). Thus, the present study indicates that despite the fact that the diencephalic and telencephalic inputs to the visuotopically corresponding parts of area 21a and PMLS area originate from the same nuclei, areas and layers, the two areas receive their afferents from the largely separate populations of neurons.

PMID:
8979834
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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