Send to

Choose Destination
J Perinatol. 1996 Nov-Dec;16(6):461-6.

Intravenous access in newborn infants: impact of extended umbilical venous catheter use on requirement for peripheral venous lines.

Author information

Division of Neonatology, George Washington University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, D.C., USA.


Central venous lines are used to care for critically ill neonates in cases of limited peripheral venous access. This prospective, randomized study evaluated the risks and benefits of the use of single- and double-lumen umbilical venous catheters for up to 14 days. Patients were randomized to one of three treatment arms: (1) single-lumen umbilical catheter, (2) double-lumen umbilical catheter, or (3) no umbilical catheter; peripheral intravenous lines only. Infants in the groups treated with an umbilical venous catheter had significantly fewer venipunctures and peripheral intravenous lines placed during their first 2 weeks of life than those in the peripheral line only group. Less time and money were spent obtaining peripheral line placement in the umbilical venous catheter groups. The incidence rates of sepsis and complications were not higher in treated patients than in control patients. The double-lumen catheter further reduced peripheral venipunctures and lines. We conclude that an umbilical venous catheter used during the first 2 weeks of life is a relatively safe, less stressful, cost-effective means of providing intravenous therapy to neonates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center