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Urology. 1996 Dec;48(6):862-7.

Renal hemodynamic effects of lovastatin in a renal ablation model.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Patients with renal mass reduction of more than 50% are at increased risk for progressive renal failure. Lipid-lowering agents have been shown to preserve renal function in various models of chronic renal failure. This study was performed to evaluate the hemodynamic effects of lovastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, in the remnant kidney model.

METHODS:

Two groups of animals were studied. Group 1 (n = 9) served as controls and group 2 (n = 14) received lovastatin, 15 mg/kg/day orally, for 2 weeks after renal ablation. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR, inulin clearance), renal blood flow (RBF, ultrasonic flow probe), and 24-hour protein excretion were measured in anesthetized rats.

RESULTS:

Two weeks after renal ablation, GFR was 0.28 +/- 0.09 mL/min/gkw (gram kidney weight) in group 1, whereas in group 2, lovastatin preserved GFR at 0.58 +/- 0.3 mL/min/gkw (P < 0.05). RBF in group 1 was 1.2 +/- 0.2 mL/min/gkw and increased to 2.1 +/- 0.4 mL/min/gkw in group 2 (P < 0.05), representing a 43% increase. Protein excretion decreased significantly to 13 +/- 1.7 mg/24 hr in group 2. The lovastatin-treated group had a lower serum cholesterol (59 +/- 3 mg/dL versus 71 +/- 2 mg/dL, P < 0.05), but serum triglyceride levels were not different between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lovastatin preserves renal function in a renal ablation model after 2 weeks of treatment. It specifically increased total RBF. Therefore, in addition to its known cholesterol lowering effect, lovastatin also has the direct renal hemodynamic effect of increasing RBF and maintaining GFR.

PMID:
8973668
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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