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J Parasitol. 1996 Dec;82(6):900-6.

Enhanced gametocyte formation by Plasmodium chabaudi in immature erythrocytes: pattern of production, sequestration, and infectivity to mosquitoes.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Parasitaire et de Chimiothérapie associé au CNRS (URA 114), Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.


The objective of this study was to investigate the chronobiology and infectivity of the gametocytes of Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi. In order to increase the production of gametocytes, mice were treated with phenylhydrazine to induce a hyper-reticulocytosis. The authors observed an important stimulation of gametocytogenesis. Gametocytes were seen as soon as the second day postinoculation and were produced periodically at each schizogony, every 24 hr. The gametocytic developmental cycle lasted 60 hr and consisted of 4 successive stages: stage 0 at 36 hr, from merozoite invasion, stage I at 42 hr, stage II at 48 hr, and stage III at 54 hr. An important fraction of stage II was sequestered in small peripheral capillaries. The numbers of oocysts in the mosquitoes fed on phenylhydrazine-treated mice were larger than in controls. When mosquitoes were fed at different times of the day, circadian differences in the oocyst counts were not statistically significant. However, stage II was considered to be probably the most infective stage because, like the infective gametocyte stage of other species of murine malaria, it is sequestered in the peripheral capillaries. In contrast with Plasmodium vinckei, there is no peak of infectivity at the time of sequestration of the infective stage; this is probably due to the inhibitory effect of the schizogony occurring at this time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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