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Addiction. 1996 Nov;91(11):1663-74.

Overview of studies on drinking patterns and consequences.

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Addiction Research Foundation, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Research on selected consequences of alcohol use are reviewed in terms of how alcohol use is measured and reported in research designs common to that area of study. In addition, evidence of the probable underlying mechanisms by which alcohol leads to the various consequences is examined, particularly in relation to the aspects of drinking pattern which are theoretically most relevant to the outcome. There is considerable variation in the degree to which research in these areas stresses pattern of drinking (as opposed to average amount consumed or total dose). Ideally, theoretical consideration of underlying causal links should determine data collection and analysis techniques.

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