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Thromb Haemost. 1996 Dec;76(6):1038-46.

A novel regulatory epitope defined by a murine monoclonal antibody to the platelet GPIIb-IIIa complex (alpha IIb beta 3 integrin).

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Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.


We characterized a murine monoclonal antibody, PT25-2 (IgG1), raised against washed human platelets. The antibody and its Fab fragments were both capable of inducing platelet aggregation in a fibrinogen-dependent manner and induced 125I-fibrinogen binding to unstimulated platelets (120,000 molecules/platelet at a 100 nM IgG concentration). The antibody immunoprecipitated the alpha IIb beta 3 complex from lysates of iodinated platelets but did not react with the respective subunits when complex formation was disrupted by treatment with 5 mM EDTA at 37 degrees C for 30 min. However, simply removing the extracellular divalent cation with EDTA had no effect on antibody binding indicating that the antibody's epitope depends upon a conformational structure maintained by alpha beta subunit association. Antibody binding to unstimulated, washed platelets yielded binding parameters (Kd = 40 nM, Bmax = 100,000 molecules/platelet), which were found to be virtually unchanged when binding was performed using thrombin or RGDS-peptide-stimulated platelets. Thus, the PT25-2 antibody defines a novel regulatory epitope expressed by the alpha IIb beta 3 integrin on unstimulated, quiescent platelets.

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