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Pediatr Nephrol. 1996 Dec;10(6):705-8.

Incidence of microalbuminuria in children with pyelonephritic scarring.

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Department of Pediatrics, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


There is experimental evidence that loss of renal parenchyma results in hyperfiltration in the remnant glomeruli followed by development of glomerulosclerosis. Microalbuminuria, i.e., a urinary albumin excretion rate of 20-200 micrograms/min, is considered to be an early predictor of diabetic glomerulosclerosis. Hypothetically, increased urinary albumin excretion in patients with pyelonephritic scarring may also indicate glomerulosclerosis, with risk for future deterioration of renal function. This study was performed to determine the incidence of increased albumin excretion in children with mild to moderate pyelonephritic scarring, and to relate the information to glomerular filtration rate (GFR; clearance of inulin) and effective renal plasma flow (clearance of para-aminohippuric acid), as well as to the degree of scarring. The functional investigations were performed under water diuresis. Fifty-seven children, aged 1.7-17.9 years, with pyelonephritic renal scarring were included in the study. Nine young healthy adults were used as controls. The GFR was significantly lower in the children with pyelonephritic scarring than in the controls (median 93 ml/min per 1.73 m2, range 48-133 vs. 111 ml/min per 1.73 m2, range 89-121, P < 0.05), and the urine albumin excretion was significantly higher (median 20 micrograms/min per 100 ml GFR, range 0.8-170 vs. 9.2 micrograms/min per 100 ml GFR, range 3.3-21, P < 0.05). An inverse correlation was found between urine albumin excretion and GFR. Increased urine albumin excretion was found in 70% of the children with a GFR below 90 ml/min per 1.73 m2 compared with 41% of the children with a GFR above this level. Increased urine albumin excretion (> 20 micrograms/min per 100 ml GFR) was found in 51% of the children with pyelonephritic scarring, while only 14% had increased age-adjusted serum creatinine concentrations. The high incidence of microalbuminuria in children with pyelonephritic scarring indicates long-term follow-up until the ultimate outcome has been better defined.

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