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Growth Regul. 1996 Dec;6(4):230-7.

Differential catch-up in body weight and bone growth after short-term starvation in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Medical School, Univ. Complutense, Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

Catch-up or compensatory growth is known as a physiological phenomenon. However, most studies of catch-up growth were based on measurements of body weight, whereas changes in longitudinal bone growth remained largely undescribed. The present study describes the dynamics of both weight and longitudinal bone growth using mikro-knemometry, during normal feeding, severe food restriction (starvation), and refeeding of 14 intact and 28 GH-deficient male rats. Starvation induced rapid weight loss (P < 0.001), and stunted leg growth (P < 0.001). Refeeding led to rapid catch-up in weight of up to 4 times above normal daily weight gain, both in intact and GH-deficient animals, whereas an equivalent compensation of lower leg growth remained undetectable. Intact and GH-deficient animals show a circaseptan spontaneous variation of growth velocity (mini growth spurts). During starvation, mini growth spurts disappear, and return to normal after refeeding with no evidence of catch-up. In GH-deficient animals, GH (1 IU/rat, administered twice daily s.c. at 10:00 hand 16:00 h) was capable of augmenting catch-up in weight and, to a lesser extent, in leg length increment.

PMID:
8971552
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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