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Cell Adhes Commun. 1996 Sep;4(3):187-99.

Alpha 2 beta 1 integrin is required for the collagen and FGF-1 induced cell dispersion in a rat bladder carcinoma cell line.

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UMR 144, CNRS, Subcellular Structure and Cellular Dynamics, Institute Curie Research Division, Paris, France.


We have investigated the role of integrins in the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) induced by either collagen or fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF-1) in the rat bladder carcinoma cell line NBT-II. The major collagen-binding receptor is the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin. An increase in expression of alpha 2 beta 1 integrin coincided with EMT induced by either collagen or FGF-1. When both inducers were present, a further increase in alpha 2 expression was observed which correlated with an enhancement in the speed of locomotion. Overexpression of human alpha 2 in NBT-II cells did not trigger EMT but rendered cells more sensitive to the dispersing effect of collagen and FGF-1. Anti-human alpha 2 blocking antibodies affected cell scattering and motility induced by either collagen or FGF-1. These data demonstrate that alpha 2 beta 1 integrin is the mediator of the cell scattering effect induced by collagen. They also indicate that a functional alpha 2 integrin is essential for the motile behavior of NBT-II cells during the FGF-1 induced EMT.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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