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Hum Mol Genet. 1996 Dec;5(12):2049-54.

Linkage of blepharophimosis syndrome in a large Indian pedigree to chromosome 7p.

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Biochemistry Department, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.


Blepharophimosis syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant disorder involving abnormal eyelid development. Cytogenetic and linkage analyses have previously implicated the chromosome 3q23 region in multiple cases of this syndrome. However, in a few cases cytogenetic analyses have implicated other chromosomal regions in this condition. Here we report linkage of BPES in a large Indian pedigree to chromosome 7p13-p21; affected only two-point and multipoint analyses using D7S488, D7S2551 and D7S2562 both showed peak lod scores of 3.61 coincident with D7S2562. Recombinations in affected individuals placed the critical region between D7S488 and D7S629. When both affected and unaffected individuals were considered, a maximum two-point lod score of 3.38 at theta = 0.08 was obtained with D7S2551 while a peak multipoint lod score of 3.64 was obtained between D7S488 and D7S2551. Segregation analysis revealed two unaffected individuals carrying the affected haplotype accounted for the difference in peak, relative to the affected only analysis. The chromosome 7p candidate genes inhibin beta A and epidermal growth factor receptor map outside this region whereas the HOX1 gene cluster may map inside this region. Although BPES is sometimes associated with female infertility due to premature ovarian failure, in the current family affected females were fertile. The current finding together with the previous evidence implicating chromosome 3q2 provides strong evidence that BPES involves locus heterogeneity; this point should be considered when counselling affected families.

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