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Ann Pharmacother. 1996 Dec;30(12):1408-10.

Fluconazole and amphotericin B for cryptococcal meningitis.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, University of Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe a patient with cryptococcal meningitis treated with the combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole.

CASE SUMMARY:

A 41-year-old woman with cryptococcal meningitis who was not infected with HIV was treated with a combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole because she did not respond to amphotericin B alone and could not tolerate amphotericin B with flucytosine. She improved clinically, but it is unclear whether the combination was beneficial.

DISCUSSION:

Standard therapy for cryptococcal meningitis is amphotericin B with or without flucytosine. Fluconazole is an alternative therapy, but its efficacy has not been documented in the patient population not infected with HIV. Theoretically, the combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole is antagonistic, but in vitro and in vivo data suggest that antagonism may not occur. The combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole in cryptococcal meningitis has not been evaluated in clinical trials, and its use is not recommended.

CONCLUSIONS:

A patient with cryptococcal meningitis was treated with the combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole because of a poor response to amphotericin B monotherapy and intolerance to flucytosine. It is unclear whether her clinical response was a result of the combination.

PMID:
8968453
DOI:
10.1177/106002809603001209
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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