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Am J Physiol. 1996 Apr;270(4 Pt 2):F623-33.

Evidence for dual signaling pathways for V2 vasopressin receptor in rat inner medullary collecting duct.

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Laboratory of Kidney and Electrolyte Metabolism, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Previous studies have demonstrated that both the V2-receptor agonist, 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP), and the V1a-receptor agonist, [Phe2, Orn8]vasotocin (PO-VT), increase intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in the rat inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD). The present studies were done to clarify the receptor subtype(s) responsible for calcium mobilization. Measurements of [Ca2+]i, using fura 2 in microdissected IMCD segments, confirmed that arginine vasopressin (AVP), dDAVP, and PO-VT stimulate an increase in [Ca2+]i and that the response to all three agents could be blocked by the specific V2-receptor antagonist, [d(CH2)5(1),D-Ile2, Ile4, Arg8]vasopressin (II-VP). These results would suggest that all three agents acted through the V2 receptor. Furthermore, we showed that PO-VT increased cAMP production in IMCD suspensions and water permeability in isolated perfused tubules. These responses were also blocked by II-VP, indicating that PO-VT is also a V2 agonist in the IMCD. Finally, we utilized the quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique of Wiesner (Nucleic Acids Res. 20: 5863-5864, 1992) to evaluate V1a and V2 mRNA levels in rat collecting duct. In terminal IMCD, we estimated > 30 copies/cell for V2 receptor mRNA but less than 1 copy/cell of V1a receptor mRNA, thus there is littler or no V1a mRNA expression in the terminal IMCD. These results suggest that calcium mobilization in response to vasopressin analogues is associated with the V2 receptor and that the V2 receptor is linked to both adenylyl cyclase and calcium mobilization in the rat IMCD.

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