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J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1996 Jul;55(7):774-86.

Difference in expression of phosphorylated tau epitopes between sporadic inclusion-body myositis and hereditary inclusion-body myopathies.

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USC Neuromuscular Center, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Good Samaritan Hospital, Los Angeles 90017-1912, USA.


Sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) and the hereditary inclusion-body myopathies (h-IBMs) are severe and progressive muscle diseases, characterized pathologically by vacuolated muscle fibers containing paired-helical filaments (PHFs). An interesting feature of the s- and h-IBM muscle phenotype is its striking similarity to Alzheimer-disease (AD) brain. We immunostained muscle biopsies of 9 s-IBM patients, 9 autosomal-recessive h-IBM patients, 1 autosomal-dominant h-IBM patients, and 18 normal and disease-controls with several antibodies known to react with the hyperphosphorylated tau of AD-PHFs. Those included SMI-31, SMI-310, PHF-1, and AT8. In both s- and h-IBM, virtually all vacuolated muscle fibers had strongly immunoreactive inclusions with SMI-31, and by immuno-electronmicroscopy SMI-31 was exclusively localized to PHFs. Approximately 40 to 50% of both s- and h-IBM vacuolated muscle fibers were also immunoreactive with AT8 antibody. To the contrary, in h-IBM, there was no immunoreactivity with SMI-310 and PHF-1 antibodies, whereas in s-IBM the vacuolated muscle fibers had strong immunoreactivity with those two antibodies. By immunoelectronmicorscopy, SMI-310 and PHF-1 also were localized to PHFs. Within s-IBM muscle fibers, the structures immunoreactive with SMI-310 were congophilic, whereas h-IBM muscle fibers did not have congophilia. Our studies: (a) demonstrate a distinct difference between s-IBM and the h-IBMs in regard to expression of immunoreactive phosphorylated tau and congophilia; (b) demonstrate a new "diagnostic duo" combination of SMI-31 and SMI-310 antibodies for identifying and distinguishing s-IBM and the h-IBMs; and (c) provide another close similarity of pathologic phenotypes between s-IBM muscle and AD brain, suggesting that similar cellular pathogenic mechanisms may be active in both diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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