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J Refract Surg. 1996 Jan-Feb;12(1):29-35.

Automated lamellar keratomileusis in situ for myopia.

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1
Corneal Consultants of Indiana, Indianapolis, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Keratomileusis in situ, particularly automated lamellar keratoplasty, is a commonly performed technique of keratomileusis in the United States.

METHODS:

A single center consecutive series of 152 eyes undergoing keratomileusis in situ for myopia was analyzed. Spherical equivalent refractions were compared before and after surgery. The standard nomogram supplied with the automatic corneal shaper (Chiron Vision Corp, Irvine, Calif) was used. The mean of preoperative myopia treated was -9.30 +/- 3.10 diopters (D) (range, -5.12 to -22.75 D).

RESULTS:

Of the 144 eyes with 1 month follow up, 30 (21%) were within 0.50 D of the planned correction at 1 month, 54 (38%) were within 1.00 D, and 97 (67%) were within 2.00 D. At 6 or more months follow up, 51 of 68 eyes (75%) achieved uncorrected visual acuity of 20/40 or better and 13 of 68 (19%) 20/20 or better when eyes with macular degeneration and amblyopia were removed. Forty-six of 78 eyes (59%) with 6 months or greater follow up required retreatment procedures to correct residual myopia or astigmatism. Multiple regression analysis explained 40% of the variation between attempted correction and postoperative results. An overall 5% shift of refraction in the myopic direction occurred between 1 and 6 months. Of the 110 eyes with both 1- and 3-month examinations, the spherical equivalent refraction changed between these time intervals by 1.00 D or more in 54 (49%) eyes; and 11 (31%) eyes changed by 1.00 D or more between the 3- and 6-month examinations. Although 6% of eyes lost 2 or more lines of spectacle-corrected visual acuity, 11% gained 2 or more lines.

CONCLUSION:

Myopic keratomileusis in situ using the automated lamellar keratoplasty technique appears to be a safe and most effective procedure to reduce moderate to high myopia. However, the predictability of the procedure needs improvement.

PMID:
8963815
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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