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Acad Radiol. 1996 Nov;3(11):898-911.

Geometric characterization of stenosed human carotid arteries.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Acad Radiol 1997 Apr;4(4):263.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:

The geometry of stenosed carotid bifurcations was analyzed to determine average representations for several stenosis grades.

METHODS:

Film angiograms of 62 patients with internal carotid artery stenoses were digitized. Residual lumen boundaries were manually outlined. The outlines were processed with a computer to extract geometric measurements. The measurements were grouped according to stenosis grade and used to create average representations.

RESULTS:

Accuracy and precision of the outlining technique were +/- 0.020 common carotid diameters (CCD) and +/- 0.025 CCD, respectively. Maximum narrowing of the internal carotid artery occurred at 0.3 CCD +/- 1.5 (mean +/- standard deviation) distal to the flow divider. The region of significant narrowing extended axially 1.2 CCD +/- 1.0. Poststenotic dilatations were observed, with enlargement of 1.3 +/- 0.7 times the normal diameter of the distal internal carotid artery. A tendency toward smaller bifurcation angles with increasing stenosis severity was observed.

CONCLUSION:

Three-dimensional geometric models could be created for carotid bifurcations that were disease free (normal) and of arbitrary stenosis grade.

PMID:
8959179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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