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Oncogene. 1996 Dec 5;13(11):2415-20.

The eIF4E-binding proteins 1 and 2 are negative regulators of cell growth.

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Department of Biochemistry and McGill Cancer Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Initiation in eukaryotes is the rate limiting step of translation. The binding of the mRNA to the 40S ribosomal subunit, which is mediated by the mRNA cap structure, is a key target for control of protein synthesis. The cap binding protein, eIF4E, is the most limiting of all initiation factors and its overexpression in NIH3T3 cells causes malignant transformation. 4E-binding protein 1 (BP1) and 4E-BP2 are small proteins that bind to eIF4E and inhibit translation. Here, 4E-BPs were expressed in cells transformed by eIF4E or by v-src to determine the effect of 4E-BPs on cell growth and tumorigenicity. We show that 4E-BPs cause a significant reversion of the transformed phenotype. Thus, we demonstrate that the eIF4E-binding proteins act as negative regulators of cell growth. We propose that 4E-BPs are members of a class of negative regulators of cell growth acting on the translation machinery of the cell.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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