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Oncogene. 1996 Dec 5;13(11):2379-86.

Expression of the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor gene inhibits tumor cell invasion in vitro.

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1
Department of Molecular Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.

Abstract

To determine if replacement of the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor gene could inhibit invasion of RB-defective tumor cells, the capacity of tumor cells to migrate or invade was quantitated by the Boyden chamber assay. The studies were done in a diverse group of stable RB-reconstituted human tumor cell lines, including those derived from the osteosarcoma and carcinomas of the lung, breast and bladder. The expression of the exogenous wild-type RB protein in these tumor cell lines was driven by either a constitutively active promoter or an inducible promoter. It was found that significantly more tumor cells from the parental RB-defective cell lines and the RB revertants than from the RB-reconstituted RB+ cell lines penetrated through the Matrigel (P<0.001, two-tailed t-test), although both RB+ and RB- cells migrated at approximately the same rate on uncoated polycarbonate filters in the Boyden chambers. Of note, the inhibition of invasiveness of various RB-defective tumor cells by RB replacement was apparently well correlated with suppression of their tumorigenicity in vivo. In contrast, although either functional RB or p53 re-expression effectively suppressed tumor formation in nude mice of the RB-/p53null osteosarcoma cell line, Saos-2, replacement of the wild-type p53 gene had much less impact on their invasiveness as compared to the RB gene. These studies provided an insight into the broader biological basis of the RB-mediated tumor suppression in RB-defective tumor cells.

PMID:
8957079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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