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Reg Anesth. 1996 Nov-Dec;21(6):557-60.

Comparison of two application techniques of EMLA and pain assessment in pediatric oncology patients.

Author information

1
Anesthesia and Resuscitation Unit, A. Meyer Pediatric Hospital, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

The study was designed to compare the analgesic efficacy of the local anesthetic EMLA when applied as a patch and as a cream in combination with a Tegaderm dressing to pediatric oncology patients undergoing repeated lumbar punctures.

METHODS:

The analgesic effect of the two products was assessed by a continuous or discrete visual analog scale in 24 children 3-16 years old, during two lumbar punctures. Distress was rated by use of the Observational Scale of Behavioral Distress.

RESULTS:

No significant differences were found between the pain and distress scores for the different preparations of EMLA.

CONCLUSION:

The EMLA patch and the EMLA cream are equally effective in alleviating pain associated with lumbar puncture. The EMLA patch simplifies and speeds up the application of EMLA. It also allows for control of the dose administered per application, thus preventing both over- and underdosing.

PMID:
8956392
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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