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FEBS Lett. 1996 Nov 18;397(2-3):207-9.

Effect of zeta potential of cationic liposomes containing cationic cholesterol derivatives on gene transfection.

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Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Tanabe-dori, Mizuho-ku, Japan.


Cationic liposomes are known to be useful tools for gene transfection. However, the relation between transfection efficiency and physicochemical properties of liposomes has not been well understood. Here, we synthesized eight cationic derivatives of cholesterol which contain a tertiary amino head group with a different spacer arm. Transfection of plasmid pSV2CAT DNA into cells was done by cationic liposomes made of a mixture of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) and each cationic cholesterol derivative. At the same time we measured zeta potential of cationic liposomes by laser Doppler spectroscopy. The present results indicated that zeta potentials of cationic liposomes were well related to transfection activity of pSV2CAT DNA. This suggested that zeta potential of cationic liposomes is one of important factors which control gene transfection.

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