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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1996 Dec 13;229(2):375-80.

Involvement of protein tyrosine kinases in regulation of endothelial cell organization by basement membrane proteins.

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Department of Surgery, University of Leicester, United Kingdom.


During capillary formation, endothelial cell migration and organization are critically dependent on surrounding basement membrane proteins. These proteins serve as a physical support and are likely to provide signals which regulate migration and organization of the cells. In this study the possible involvement of tyrosine kinase signalling pathways in basement membrane-induced organization of human endothelial cells is examined. Interaction of endothelial cells with reconstituted basement membrane Matrigel activates tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins including focal adhesion kinase. Inhibition of this pathway with tyrosine kinase inhibitors impairs localization of paxillin to focal adhesions and organization of actin filaments, decreases motility and elongation of endothelial cells, and prevents their organization into cords or tubes on basement membrane. These data demonstrate that basement membrane-induced modulation of endothelial cell motility, shape, and organization is critically dependent on tyrosine kinase signalling pathway(s) involving cytoskeletal proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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