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Cell Immunol. 1996 Dec 15;174(2):173-9.

Reconstitution of germinal center formation in nude mice with Th1 and Th2 clones.

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Department of Pathology and Kaplan Cancer Center, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.


We investigated the ability of hemocyanin (KLH)-specific cloned CD4+ T cells expressing defined cytokine profiles to support germinal center (GC) formation in syngeneic athymic recipients in response to hapten-KLH challenge. Th1 clones producing IL-2 and IFN-gamma did not by themselves increase GC production above background, while Th2 cells producing IL-4 and IL-5 did. However, the combination of Th1 and Th2 cytokines was more effective than Th2 cytokines alone, suggesting a synergistic effect in this aspect of their help for B cells. In contrast to GC formation, antibody production could be induced with Th1 or Th2 clones given separately (Th1 clones inducing IgG2a, and Th2 clones inducing IgG1 and IgE). These results indicate that the T cell requirements for GC production are different from those for isotype switching and Ig secretion. It is postulated that the synergy between Th1 and Th2 cells in the induction of GC formation reflects the synergy between Th1 and Th2 cytokines, such as IFN-gamma and IL-5, in promotion of GC cell proliferation.

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