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Free Radic Res. 1996 Dec;25(6):489-98.

Oxygen-dependent inhibition of neutrophil respiratory burst by nitric oxide.

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First Department of Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.


Effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the respiratory burst of neutrophils was examined under different oxygen tensions. Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) stimulated oxygen consumption and superoxide (O2) generation in neutrophils by a mechanism which was inhibited reversibly by NO. The inhibitory effect of NO increased significantly with a decrease in oxygen tension in the medium. The inhibitory effect of NO was suppressed in medium containing oxyhemoglobin (HbO2), a NO scavenging agent. In contrast, 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), a compound that rapidly generates peroxynitrite (ONOO-) from the released NO and O2-, slightly stimulated the PMA-induced respiratory burst. These results suggested that NO, but not ONOO-, might reversibly inhibit superoxide generation by neutrophils especially at physiologically low oxygen tensions thereby decreasing oxygen toxicity particularly in and around hypoxic tissues.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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