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Mutat Res. 1996 Nov 4;371(1-2):57-63.

Tea polyphenols as inhibitors of mutagenicity of major classes of carcinogens.

Author information

1
American Health Foundation, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA. john_weisburger@nymc.edu

Abstract

Previous research suggested that the mutagenicity of some genotoxic carcinogens, mainly heterocyclic amines, was decreased by green or black tea extracts, or tea polyphenol fractions. Thus, it seemed important to test a variety of genotoxic carcinogens with distinct chemical structures and means of biochemical activation as regards modification of mutagenicity in appropriate strains of Salmonella typhimurium by 3 concentrations of polyphenols 60, 100, or B, standard commercial polyphenol preparations from green or black tea. Polyphenols sharply decreased the mutagenicity of a number of aryl- and heterocyclic amines, of aflatoxin B1, benzo[a]pyrene, 1,2-dibromoethane, and more selectively, of 2-nitropropane, all involving an induced rat liver S9 fraction. Good inhibition was found with 2 nitrosamines that required a hamster S9 fraction for biochemical activation. No effect was found with 1-nitropyrene, and with the direct-acting (no S9) 2-chloro-4-methyl-thiobutanoic acid. Thus, with some exceptions, polyphenols considerably decreased the mutagenicity of diverse types of carcinogens.

PMID:
8950350
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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