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Br J Rheumatol. 1996 Nov;35(11):1154-8.

Injectable gold compounds: an overview.

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Menzies Centre for Population Health Research, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.


Injectable gold compounds have enjoyed widespread, but occasionally controversial, use in rheumatoid arthritis since the 1920s. This overview examines the data from controlled trials and longer-term observational studies. We conclude that gold is equivalent to other widely used second-line agents in terms of efficacy. Toxicity profiles are similar, apart from methotrexate. It is most efficacious and toxic in the first 2 yr of treatment. There appears to be a dose-response relationship for both efficacy and toxicity. Gold is one of the few agents that decreases the rate of progression of erosions (RR 0.38, 95% CI 0.23-064). Gold compounds, therefore, have a definite place in the rheumatologist's armamentarium, but further research is required to determine optimal monitoring regimes as well as the role of maintenance therapy and combination therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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