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EMBO J. 1996 Nov 15;15(22):6262-8.

The rapid inactivation of nuclear tyrosine phosphorylated Stat1 depends upon a protein tyrosine phosphatase.

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Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10021-6399, USA.


After interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) treatment of cells the appearance of tyrosine phosphorylated Stat1 in the nucleus was maximal within 20-30 min, remained for 2-2.5 h and activated molecules disappeared by 4 h. In the absence of continued signaling from the receptor (imposed by staurosporine treatment) previously activated Stat1 disappeared completely within 60 min, implying continuous generation and removal of active molecules during extended IFN-gamma treatment. Proteasome inhibitors prolonged the time of activation of Stat1 by prolonging signaling from the receptor but not by blocking removal of already activated Stat1 molecules. By analyzing with 35S labeling the distribution of total Stat1 and activated Stat1, we concluded that the Stat1 molecules promptly cycle into the nucleus as tyrosine phosphorylated molecules and later return quantitatively to the cytoplasm as non-phosphorylated molecules. Therefore, the removal of the activated Stat1 molecules from the nucleus appears not to be proteolytic but must depend on a protein tyrosine phosphatase(s).

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