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Immunol Lett. 1996 Oct;53(1):7-13.

Synthesis and secretion of macrophage colony stimulating factor by mature human monocytes and human monocytic THP-1 cells induced by human serum albumin derivatives modified with methylglyoxal and glucose-derived advanced glycation endproducts.

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1
Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, UK.

Abstract

Human serum albumin minimally-modified by methylglyoxal (MGmin-HSA) stimulated the synthesis and secretion of macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) by mature human monocytes in vitro. Human serum albumin minimally-modified by glucose-derived advanced glycation endproducts (AGEmin-HSA) and human serum albumin highly-modified by glucose-derived advanced glycation endproducts (AGE-HSA) stimulated much lower secretion of M-CSF from human monocytes than did MGmin-HSA. MGmin-HSA and AGE-HSA but not AGEmin-HSA also stimulated the growth of human monocytic THP-1 cells in vitro which was inhibited by polyclonal antibodies to human M-CSF. For MGmin-HSA, the median growth stimulatory concentration EC50 value was 0.24 +/- 0.07 microM and the maximal increase in cell growth was 36% of control cell growth (n = 24). Similar induction of secretion of M-CSF from monocytes in vivo may contribute to atherosclerosis in macro- and micro-angiopathy, particularly in the development of diabetic complications.

PMID:
8946211
DOI:
10.1016/0165-2478(96)02601-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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