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Am J Physiol. 1996 Nov;271(5 Pt 2):R1311-8.

Brief hypoxic stress downregulates E. coli-induced IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta gene expression in perfused liver.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University Health Sciences Center 63110, USA.


Hepatic cytokine gene expression is independently stimulated by circulating microbial products and reductions in the cellular O2 supply. Although these stimuli occur sequentially after gram-negative bacteremia, it is unknown whether their interplay augments production of interleukin (IL)-1 by the liver. We studied the effects of intraportal Escherichia coli (EC) bacteremia and secondary constant-flow hypoxia (Po2, approximately 46 Torr for 30 min) on IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta gene expression in ex situ buffer-perfused rat livers over 180 min (n = 67). At t = 0, normoxic EC and normal saline (NS) controls received 10(9) live EC serotype 055:B5 and 0.9% NaCl, respectively; in livers subjected to EC+hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) and NS+H/R, hypoxia began 0.5 h after EC or NS and was followed by 120 min of reoxygenation. Portal and hepatic venous perfusates were serially analyzed for bacterial colony-forming units, O2 uptake, and aspartate aminotransferase. At 60 min (peak hypoxia) and 180 min, cDNAs for IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta were hybridized to whole liver RNA, and IL-1 beta protein levels in venous perfusates were assessed. Intrahepatic levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured as an index of oxidative stress. Compared with normoxic EC, IL-1 alpha transcripts decreased at 180 min in EC+H/R livers (P < 0.0001) as did IL-1 beta mRNA (P < 0.05), despite similar EC clearance, GSH levels, posthypoxic O2 uptake, and aspartate aminotransferase release. Hepatic secretion of IL-1 beta likewise fell in EC+H/R vs. EC controls (P < 0.005). Prostaglandin H synthase-2 (COX-2) message accumulation was not enhanced by H/R, and indomethacin did not reverse H/R-mediated suppression of IL-1 production. In contrast, H/R-related falls in EC-induced IL-1S expression were reversed by allopurinol or catalase. Thus brief hypoxic stress of the liver causing neither GSH depletion nor functional impairment downregulates postbacteremic IL-1 expression by a mechanism involving O2 radicals but not cyclooxygenase metabolites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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