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J Infect. 1996 Nov;33(3):199-205.

Serological response to Chlamydia pneumoniae in patients with sarcoidosis.

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Department of Pathobiology, University of Washington, Seattle 98155, USA.


The antigen-specific serological response to Chlamydia pneumoniae was studied in 24 patients with sarcoidosis and compared to that seen in acute C. pneumoniae respiratory infection. By the micro-immunofluorescence test, five sarcoidosis patients had acute antibody, 15 had chronic antibody and four had no antibody against C. pneumoniae. By enzyme immunoassay, 20 sarcoidosis patients had antibody against ReLPS but that cross-reacts with chlamydial LPS. Immunoblot analysis of sera using purified C. pneumoniae elementary bodies showed that recognition of the 40 kDa C. pneumoniae major outer membrane protein was rare (20%). Reactivities with proteins with Mw of 42 K (70%), 60 K (65%), 98 K (55%) and 52 K (50%) were often noted. To study reactivity of chlamydial HSP 60 in sarcoidosis sera, sarkosyl-soluble (contains the 60 kDa HSP) and sarkosyl-insoluble (contains the 60 kDa structural protein) fractions of C. pneumoniae elementary bodies were prepared. The 60 kDa structural protein was recognized with equal frequency by sera from patients with sarcoidosis and acute respiratory infection, while the HSP 60 was more frequently recognized by sera with acute respiratory infection than sarcoidosis. Recombinant fusion proteins expressed from pGEX-2T containing overlapping DNA fragments of the C. pneumoniae 60 kDa HSP gene were purified. Different recognition patterns were identified for sera from sarcoidosis patients and from patients with acute C. pneumoniae respiratory infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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