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J Biol Chem. 1996 Dec 13;271(50):31787-90.

Activation of myosin-I by members of the Ste20p protein kinase family.

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Eukaryotic Genetics Group, Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, Montreal, Quebec H4P 2R2, Canada. EKKEHARD.LEBERER@NRC.CA


The heavy chain of myosin-ID isolated from Dictyostelium was identified as an in vitro substrate for members of the Ste20p family of serine/threonine protein kinases which are thought to regulate conserved mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Yeast Ste20p and Cla4p and mammalian p21-activated protein kinase (PAK) phosphorylated the heavy chain to 0.5-0.6 mol of Pi/mol and stimulated the actin-dependent Mg2+-ATPase activity to an extent equivalent to that of the Ste20p-like myosin-I heavy chain kinase isolated from Dictyostelium. PAK purified from rat brain required GTPgammaS-Cdc42 to express full activity, whereas recombinant mouse mPAK3 fused to glutathione S-transferase and purified from bacteria, and Ste20p and Cla4p purified from yeast extracts were fully active without GTPgammaS-Cdc42. These results suggest, together with the high degree of structural and functional conservation of Ste20p family members and myosin-I isoforms, that myosin-I activation by Ste20p family protein kinases may contribute to the regulation of morphogenetic processes in organisms ranging from yeast to mammalian cells.

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