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J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Nov;31(11):1563-7.

Unresectable hepatic tumors in childhood and the role of liver transplantation.

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Liver and Hepatobiliary Unit, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, England.


Liver transplantation has been performed in five children with unresectable hepatic tumors who did not have extrahepatic metastases at the time of surgery. Two of the children had hepatoblastomas, one had an infantile hemangioendothelioma, and two had a hepatoma. The two children who had hepatoblastoma are well (37 and 25 months posttransplant) and have no evidence of recurrence. The child with infantile hemangioendothelioma had a successful operation, with good quality of life, but died of tumor recurrence 41 months after transplantation. Both children with hepatomas died, one of graft failure owing to chronic rejection and the other of tumor recurrence 5 months posttransplant. These results suggest that liver transplantation may be successful in children with unresectable hepatic tumors without extrahepatic spread and should be considered particularly for the treatment of hepatoblastoma.

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