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Gastroenterology. 1996 Dec;111(6):1558-68.

Guanylin strongly stimulates rat duodenal HCO3- secretion: proposed mechanism and comparison with other secretagogues.

Author information

1
First Department of Medicine, Eberhard-Karis-Universität Tübingen, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Guanylin and heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) stimulate intestinal Cl- secretion via activation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)-encoded Cl- channel. It was speculated that CFTR activation also regulates electrogenic duodenal HCO3- secretion. Therefore, the effect of guanylin/STa and other secretagogues on rat duodenal HCO3- secretion was studied.

METHODS:

The HCO3- secretory rate of in vitro rat proximal duodenum was determined by pH stat titration and paracellular permeability by 3H-mannitol fluxes, bidirectional 36Cl- fluxes were measured, and the short-circuit current (Isc) was recorded.

RESULTS:

Luminal guanylin and STa concentration dependently stimulated the HCO3- secretory rate and Isc. Guanylin-stimulated HCO3- secretion was independent of luminal Cl-, inhibited by the Cl- channel blocker 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoate, and additive to the HCO3- secretory rate stimulated by glucagon and carbachol but not by the tested adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent agonists. The ratio of the HCO3- secretory rate/Isc stimulated by the tested guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent agonists was markedly higher than the cAMP-dependent agonists. Prostaglandin E2 and 8-bromo-cAMP but not STa/guanylin also transiently increased paracellular permeability.

CONCLUSIONS:

Guanylin and STa stimulate electrogenic HCO3- secretion in rat duodenum, most likely via CFTR Cl- channel activation, but the different relationship for HCO3- to Isc in cGMP-than in cAMP-stimulated anion secretion suggests a different cellular source and/or signaling pathways.

PMID:
8942735
DOI:
10.1016/s0016-5085(96)70018-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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