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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1996 Apr;11(2):109-14.

Interleukin-1 beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha stimulate synergistically the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in fibroblastic cells derived from human periodontal ligament.

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1
Department of Oral Microbiology, Meikai University School of Dentistry, Saitama, Japan.

Abstract

The present study demonstrates that interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) induce and synergistically stimulate monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in fibroblasts from human periodontal ligament. IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha induced in a dose-dependent manner the expression of the MCP-1 gene in the fibroblasts from the human periodontal ligament. However, such an inducing effect was not observed with IL-6 and interferon-gamma. The peak expression of the MCP-1 gene by IL-1 beta or TNF-alpha was observed at 3 h after initiation of their treatment. Furthermore, IL-1 beta in combination with TNF-alpha synergistically stimulated the MCP-1 gene expression in the cells. We also observed significant chemotactic activity for human monocytes in conditioned medium of fibroblasts from the human periodontal ligament treated with both cytokines. The stimulated chemotactic activity induced by these cytokines depended on both dose and treatment time. The chemotactic activity in conditioned medium of IL-1 beta-treated fibroblasts from the human periodontal ligament was neutralized by antiserum specific for MCP-1 protein. The MCP-1 gene product in conditioned medium of IL-1 beta-treated fibroblasts from the human periodontal ligament was shown to have a molecular mass of 11,000 Da by immunoprecipitation with the specific antiserum, and IL-1 beta also stimulated synergistically MCP-1 protein expression in combination with TNF-alpha. These results suggest that IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha may contribute to the infiltration of monocytes into inflammatory sites of periodontal ligament tissues via the MCP-1 gene product produced by fibroblasts from the human periodontal ligament.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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