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J Infect Dis. 1996 Dec;174(6):1255-60.

Effect of Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS derivatives on the production of tissue factor and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 by human blood mononuclear cells.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of General Pathology and Institute of Medical Microbiology, University of Bari, Italy.


Different Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) and LPS-derivatives were studied for their ability to induce the production of procoagulant activity (PCA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor type 2 (PAI-2) by human blood mononuclear leukocytes. Smooth (S)- and rough (R)-form LPSs caused a similar increase in cell-associated PCA (tissue factor) and PAI-2 antigen release. Both effects were potentiated by fetal bovine serum via a CD14-mediated mechanism. The potency of H. pylori LPSs was approximately 1000-fold lower than that of Salmonella typhimurium LPSs. When H. pylori LPS derivatives (dephosphorylated R-LPS, S-lipid A, and R-lipid A) were used, PCA and PAI-2 production were markedly reduced. R-lipid A was approximately 4-fold less efficient than S-lipid A. These findings suggest that the induction of monocyte tissue factor and PAI-2 by H. pylori LPS is influenced by the lipid A structure and modulated by the core oligosaccharide and that phosphate groups present in both regions may play an important role.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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