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Mol Microbiol. 1996 Nov;22(3):437-47.

A third family of allelic hsd genes in Salmonella enterica: sequence comparisons with related proteins identify conserved regions implicated in restriction of DNA.

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Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Erratum in

  • Mol Microbiol 1997 Feb;23(4):851.


Salmonella enterica serovar blegdam has a restriction and modification system encoded by genes linked to serB. We have cloned these genes, putative alleles of the hsd locus of Escherichia coli K-12, and confirmed by the sequence similarities of flanking DNA that the hsd genes of S. enterica serovar blegdam have the same chromosomal location as those of E. coli K-12 and Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium LT2. There is, however, no obvious similarity in their nucleotide sequences, and while the gene order in S. enterica serovar blegdam is serB hsdM, S and R, that in E. coli K-12 and S. enterica serovar typhimurium LT2 is serB hsdR, M and S. The hsd genes of S. enterica serovar blegdam identify a third family of serB-linked hsd genes (type ID). The polypeptide sequence predicted from the three hsd genes show some similarities (18-50% identity) with the polypeptides of known and putative type I restriction and modification systems; the highest levels of identity are with sequences of Haemophilus influenzae Rd. The HsdM polypeptide has the motifs characteristic of adenine methyltransferases. Comparisons of the HsdR sequence with those for three other families of type I systems and three putative HsdR polypeptides identify two highly conserved regions in addition to the seven proposed DEAD-box motifs.

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