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Cancer Biochem Biophys. 1996 Apr;15(3):177-86.

Reduction of LAK-sensitivity and changes in antigen expression on hepatoma cells by sodium butyrate.

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Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.


We demonstrated that sodium butyrate (SB) induced differentiation of functions in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. To investigate relationship between the sensitivity for cellular cytotoxicity and the cellular differentiation of HCC cells, the effect of SB on lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) sensitivity and antigen expression of a human HCC cells were studied. SB induced LAK-resistance of human HCC cell lines, HCC-T and HCC-M, time-dependently. A flowcytometric analysis of cell surface antigens revealed that SB markedly reduced the expression of laminin and fibronectin and increased the expression of liver-specific antigen defined by a mouse monoclonal antibody time-dependently, but did not modify that of major histocompatibility complex antigens, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, or CEA. Leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA)-3 expression on HCC-T was reduced slightly by SB treatment. LAK sensitivity was inhibited by anti-laminin, but not with anti-beta 2-microglobulin, anti-HLA DR, anti-ICAM-1, anti-fibronectin, or anti-CEA. Anti-LFA-3 reduced LAK sensitivity of HCC-T, but not HCC-M, although the reduction was less than that obtained by anti-laminin treatment. These results provided evidence that SB induced LAK-resistance of human HCC cells according to cellular differentiation and extracellular matrix functionality played an important role in this LAK-mediated cell killing. Moreover, the structure expressed on HCC cells, which contributed to LAK cytolysis, was different for each HCC cell.

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